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Watch Again | Systems Council Data Analytics Special Interest Group – Lecture Series on Biometric Technologies and Applications by Prof Vincenzo Piuri

Lecture 1: Biometric Techniques

Biometrics concerns the study of automated methods for identifying an individual or recognising an individual among many people by measuring one or more physical or behavioural features. Certain physical human features or behaviours are characteristics that are specific and can be uniquely associated to one person. Retinas, iris, DNA, fingerprint, palm print, or pattern of finger lengths are typical physical features that are specific to individuals. Also the voice print, gait, or handwriting can be used to this purpose.

Nowadays biometrics is rapidly evolving. This science is getting more and more accurate in recognising and identifying persons and behaviours. Consequently, these technologies become more and more attractive and effective in critical applications, such as to create safe personal IDs, to control the access to personal information or physical areas, to recognise terrorists or criminals, to study the movements of people, to monitor the human behaviour, and to create adaptive environments.

The use of biometrics in the real life often requires very complex signal and image processing and scene analysis, for example encompassing biometric feature extraction and identification, individual tracking, face tracking, eye tracking, liveness/anti-spoofing tests, and facial expression recognition.

This lecture will review the main biometric traits and the techniques supporting biometric identification and behaviour analysis.

Talk 2: Biometric Systems Design

The actual use of biometric techniques needs to take into account the accuracy required in person identification or the behaviour analysis, as well as a variety of characteristics encompassing costs, usability, and user acceptance. Besides, advanced techniques for signal and image analysis are needed to better capture the identification process from data.

This lecture will focus the attention on the overall system design approach for biometric-based applications as well as on the use of artificial intelligence for implementing flexible biometric solutions.

Talk 3: Biometric Applications

The use of biometric applications is nowadays broad and becoming more pervasive in our daily life. These technologies can be used for person verification, person recognition in a group, access control, passport control, surveillance, banking, e-commerce, entertainment, medical applications, ambient intelligence, assisted living, forensics, and many more.

This lecture will review the main opportunities offered by biometric technologies to support a broad variety of applications. Trends and future challenges and research will also be analysed.